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The performance of livestock marketing system in South Sudan is not well understood, though
livestock is the only significant agricultural commodity on the market in South Sudan, and also
despite the great social and economic importance of livestock for South Sudan's rural and urban
populations. There are uncertainties over whether the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)
that was signed in 2005 has had a significant effect on the cattle market performance. There was
thus a need to assess the trends in the cattle market performance in South Sudan during and after
the civil conflict in Sudan by comparing the trends in the marketing margins for different
marketing agents through descriptive analysis and by assessing the effect of marketing costs on
marketing margins for the different market actors through regression techniques. In this regard.
the study used the Fixed Effects model utilizing Panel Data and analytical approaches based on
the farm value,wholesale-to-retail margins and farm-to-retail price spread.

The data were purposively collected through personal interviews of the farmers, cattle traders
and butchers who constituted a total of 140 respondents of which 129 respondents were located
in Juba and Terakeka counties. The two counties were selected for the survey because they are
able to represent the three levels of the cattle markets, namely rural or primary, secondary and
terminal markets. The hypothesis of the study was that marketing margins do not depend on the
marketing costs for the cattle marketing chain actors in South Sudan.

The study found that cattle traders handled the highest average number of cattle (491.3) heads
and the average price of different types of cattle has increased by three fold after the
Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

The study finds that the marketing margins for the three players in the market fluctuate between
98 and 99 percent, through the years 2000 to 2004. In 2005, which is the base year when The
Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was reached in Sudan, the margins jumped to 100
percent. In the period between 2005 - 2010, the change was minimal but systematic for each
agent, recording 100.02 percent in 2006 to 100.23 in 2010 for the farmers, 100.06 - 100.80
percent for the traders and 100.03 - 100.14 percent for the butchers in the same years. The
analysis of cattle marketing margins for the main market chain actors thus shows that the market
players basically obtained almost the same marketing margins ranging between 98 - 99 percent
before the CPA and 100.02 - 100.14 percent after the CPA.

Regression analysis results indicate that all marketing margins are affected by the marketing
costs. The study found that the political stability, as proxied by the signing and implementation
of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), has had no significant influence on the
marketing margins and the market performance at the farm and retail levels of the market, but it
is statistically significant at one percent level at the wholesale sector.

The poor marketing infrastructure reduces the benefits accrued to the cattle marketing chain
actors. Therefore the government should facilitate the trade by investing in different aspects of
the infrastructure, namely, roads, water points, slaughtering houses and communications.

The transactions costs have negative effect on the market performance, and this can be resolved
by reviewing the government interventions in terms of taxes and licensing. In addition, the
extension services are important at this stage of the development in the area, as the majority of
the market chain agents have low levels of education, especially among the farmers. The policy

implication arising from this study is that there is need to improve the performance of cattle
marketing system and the hygienic conditions in the slaughtering houses.