Health education impact on knowledge and management of arboviral diseases in Kenya: Evidence from randomised control trials


Communities’ knowledge and management strategies are crucial for mitigating and controlling the threat of existing and emerging diseases. In this study, we conducted randomised control trials (RCT) to examine the impact of health education on households’ knowledge and management of three Arboviral Diseases (ADs); Rift Valley fever, Chikungunya fever, and Dengue fever in Kenya. The study was based on a sample of 629 households drawn from the three of Kenya’s AD hotspot counties; Baringo, Kwale, and Kilifi. Employing a difference-in-difference method, our findings indicate that health education intervention significantly improved households’ understanding of ADs transmission modes, causes, and prevention strategies. However, this intervention did not sufficiently influence households’ disease management behaviour. We recommend the implementation of community engagement and outreach initiatives which have the potential to drive behavioural changes at the household level, thus enhancing the management and control of ADs in Kenya.


  • Health education
  • arboviral diseases
  • randomised control trials
  • Kenya

Paul Nyangau, Jonathan Makau Nzuma, Patrick Irungu, Sandara Junglen & Menale Kassie